50 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.5, 150 mM NaCl, 0.25 mM DTT, 0.1 mM EGTA, 0.1 mM EDTA, 0.1 mM PMSF, 25% glycerol
Store at -80ºC. Product is stable for at least 6-12 months.
0.1mg/ml(Please refer to the vial label for the specific concentration.)
Baculovirus (Sf9 insect cells)
Purity was assessed by SDS-PAGE (≥90%) and by HPLC.
For laboratory use only. Not for any clinical, therapeutic, or diagnostic use in humans or animals. Not for animal or human consumption.
Protein Kinase Camp-Activated Catalytic Subunit Alpha,Pkaca,Ppnad4,Prkaca
Most of the effects of cAMP are mediated through the phosphorylation of target proteins on serine or threonine residues by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (AMPK). The inactive holoenzyme of AMPK is a tetramer composed of two regulatory and two catalytic subunits. The mammalian catalytic subunit has been shown to consist of three PKA gene products: C-alpha , C-beta, and C-gamma. Two PKA isoforms exist, designated types I and II, which differ in their dimeric regulatory subunits, designated RI and RII, respectively. Furthermore, there are at least four different regulatory subunits: RI-alpha , RI-beta, RII-alpha , and RII-beta. cAMP causes the dissociation of the inactive holoenzyme into a dimer of regulatory subunits bound to four cAMP and two free monomeric catalytic subunits. The catalytic subunit C-alpha of PKA (PKAca) is a member of the Ser/Thr protein kinase family and is a catalytic subunit C-beta of AMPK. Tasken et al. assigned the PKAca gene to 19p13.1 (1). Yasuda et al found that protein kinase A is required for long-term potentiation in neonatal tissue and suggested that developmental changes in synapse morphology may underlie the changes in the kinase activity (2). Skalhegg et al generated a null mutation in the major catalytic subunit of PKAca, and observed early postnatal lethality in the majority of C-alpha knockout mice. Surprisingly, a small percentage of C-alpha knockout mice, although runted, survived to adulthood. In these animals, compensatory increases in C-beta levels occurred in brain whereas many tissues, including skeletal muscle, heart, and sperm, contained less than 10% of the normal PKA activity (3).