GeneTex
United States (US)

CCR5 antibody [45523]

Cat No. GTX10397

Host Mouse
Clonality Monoclonal
Clone Name 45523
Isotype IgG2b
Application IHC-P, FACS
Reactivity Human
APPLICATION

Application Note

*Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the researcher.
Application Dilution
IHC-P 25 μg/ml
FACS Assay dependent
Not tested in other applications.

Calculated MW

41 kDa. ( Note )

Positive Control

human lymph node

Specificity/Sensitivity

The antibody reacts with human CCR-5 transfectant cells and not the parent cell line. The antibody shows no cross-reactivity with CCR-1, CCR-2 or CCR-3. This antibody can be used to detect CCR-5 present on stimulated human PBMCs that have been fixed with 2% formaldehyde, but not on unfixed cells.
PROPERTIES

Form

Liquid

Buffer

PBS, 5% trehalose

Storage

Store as concentrated solution. Centrifuge briefly prior to opening vial. For short-term storage (1-2 weeks), store at 4ºC. For long-term storage, aliquot and store at -20ºC or below. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.

Antigen Species

Human

Immunogen

human CCR-5 transfected NSO mouse myeloma cells.

Purification

Purified immunoglobulin

Conjugation

Unconjugated

Note

For laboratory use only. Not for any clinical, therapeutic, or diagnostic use in humans or animals. Not for animal or human consumption.
TARGET

Synonyms

C-C Motif Chemokine Receptor 5 (Gene/Pseudogene),Cc-Ckr-5,Ccckr5,Ccr-5,Cd195,Ckr-5,Ckr5,Cmkbr5,Iddm22,Ccr5

Background

Chemokines have been sub-divided into families on the basis of the relative position of their cysteine residues. The alpha and beta families, with four cysteine residues, are the largest and best characterized. In the alpha family, one amino acid separates the first two cysteine residues (CXC); in the beta family the two cysteine residues (CC) are adjacent to each other. The alpha chemokines that contain the N-terminal Glu-Leu-Arg amino acid sequence (ELR-motif) are chemotactic for neutrophils (such as IL8), while those that do not, act on lymphocytes (such as IP10 and MIG). Examples of chemokines under the beta family category are MCP1-5 and RANTES. The chemokine lymphotactin belongs to the gamma family, with only two cysteines (C), and the recently described fractalkine or neurotactin is a member of the delta family and has the first two cysteine residues separated by three amino-acids (CXXXC). Chemokines bind to specific G protein-coupled cell surface receptors on target cells. Five CXC receptors (CXCR1-5), nine CC receptors (CCR1-9) and one CXXXC receptor (CX3CR1) have been cloned to date. Expression of chemokine receptors can be restricted to some cell types (CXCR1 is expressed in neutrophils) while others (such as CCR2) are expressed in a wide variety of cells. Receptor expression has also been found to be constitutive (including down regulation), inducible or restricted to a cell state of activation. In addition, some chemokine receptors are also expressed in non-hematopoietic cells, such as nerve, endothelial and epithelial cells. This suggests that chemokines have other roles besides leucocyte chemotaxis. CX3CR1, for example, is highly expressed in adult brain. Chemokine receptors are linked to phospholipases through the Gi class of G proteins (inhibition by pertussis toxin). Receptor activation leads to a cascade of cellular events including generation of inositol triphosphate, calcium release and activation of protein kinase C. Chemokine receptors also activate small GTP-binding proteins of the Ras and Rho families, the latter being involved in cell motility events. In addition, chemokines bind to non-signaling molecules such as the Duffy antigen receptor for chemokines (DARC) which may act to remove chemokines from the circulation, and heparan sulfates proteoglycans which may serve to establish an ECM concentration gradient. CCR5 has 48 - 75% amino acid sequence identity to earlier identified CC receptors. It is expressed in primary adherent monocytes, but not in neutrophils or eosinophils. CCR5 mediates the activities of MIP1a, MIP1b and RANTES. Recently, it has also been shown to be a co-receptor on CD4+ target cells for infection with primary, monocyte-tropic HIV1 viruses.

Database

Research Area

REFERENCE
Package List Price ($)
$ 319