Lysyl oxidase (LOX) also known as protein-lysine 6-oxidase is an extracellular copper-dependent enzyme that catalyzes formation of aldehydes from lysine residues in collagen and elastin precursors. Its catalytic activity depends upon both its copper cofactor and a unique carbonyl cofactor and has been shown to extend to a variety of basic globular proteins, including histone H1. LOX plays a major role in connective tissue development and may also be important in neurological function. Lysyl oxidase has also proven crucial to the development of the respiratory system and the skin, the commitment step of adipocyte, and the formation of pluripotent stem cells during development. Its absence may lead to defects in the transforming growth factor beta superfamily of proteins, which control cell growth and differentiation. Besides, Elastin (ELN) has been identified as an interactor of LOX, thus a binding ELISA assay was conducted to detect the interaction of recombinant human LOX and recombinant human ELN. Briefly, LOX were diluted serially in PBS, with 0.01% BSA (pH 7.4). Duplicate samples of 100 μl were then transferred to ELN-coated microtiter wells and incubated for 2h at 37ºC. Wells were washed with PBST and incubated for 1h with anti-LOX pAb, then aspirated and washed 3 times. After incubation with HRP labelled secondary antibody, wells were aspirated and washed 3 times. With the addition of substrate solution, wells were incubated 15-25 minutes at 37ºC. Finally, add 50 μl stop solution to the wells and read at 450nm immediately. The binding activity of LOX and ELN was in a dose dependent manner.
Lyophilized from 20 mM Tris (pH 8.0) with 150 mM NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, 1 mM DTT, 0.01% SKL, 5% Trehalose, Proclin300. Reconstitute with 20 mM Tris and 150 mM NaCl (pH 8.0) to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL. Do not vortex.
For short-term storage (1-2 weeks), store at 4ºC. For long-term storage, store at -20ºC or below. After reconstitution, keep as concentrated solution.Avoid freeze-thaw cycles.
N-terminal His and GST-Tag; Pro213~Tyr417 (NP_002308.2)
< 1 EU/μg
For laboratory use only. Not for any clinical, therapeutic, or diagnostic use in humans or animals. Not for animal or human consumption.
This gene encodes a member of the lysyl oxidase family of proteins. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants, at least one of which encodes a preproprotein that is proteolytically processed to generate a regulatory propeptide and the mature enzyme. The copper-dependent amine oxidase activity of this enzyme functions in the crosslinking of collagens and elastin, while the propeptide may play a role in tumor suppression. In addition, defects in this gene have been linked with predisposition to thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2016]