Cells were washed with PBS and then incubated on ice in modified RIPA buffer, containing 150 mM sodium chloride, 50 mM Tris HCl, pH 7.4, 1 mM EDTA, 1.0% NP-40, 0.5% sodium deoxycholic acid , 0.1% SDS and 0.01% (w/v) sodium azide to lyse the cells. Protein integrity was ensured using a cocktail of protease inhibitors with broad specificity for the inhibition of aspartic, cysteine, and serine proteases as well as aminopeptidases (0.1 mM AEBSF HCl, 0.08 μM Aprotinin, 5 μM Bestatin, 1.5 μM E-64, 2 μM Leupeptin Hemisulfate, 1 μM Pepstatin A). Phosphatase inhibitors 1 mM NaF and 1 mM Na₃VO₄ were also added. Cell debris was removed by centrifugation. Protein concentration was determined by a modified Lowry assay using a commercially available kit. Protein concentration was adjusted to 2 mg/ml and then an equal volume of 2X SDS-PAGE sample buffer was added.
1 x SDS sample buffer containing 5% β-mercaptoethanol
Store as concentrated solution. Centrifuge briefly prior to opening vial. Aliquot and store at -20ºC or below. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.
1 mg/ml (Please refer to the vial label for the specific concentration.)
For laboratory use only. Not for any clinical, therapeutic, or diagnostic use in humans or animals. Not for animal or human consumption.