GeneTex
United States (US)

PDGF Receptor alpha antibody

Cat No. GTX10846

Host Goat
Clonality Polyclonal
Isotype IgG
Application WB, IHC-P, IHC-Fr, ELISA, Neut
Reactivity Human, Mouse
APPLICATION

Application Note

*Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the researcher.
Application Dilution
WB 0.1-0.2?μg/ml
IHC-P 15?μg/ml
IHC-Fr Assay dependent
ELISA 0.5-1.0?μg/ml
Neut Assay dependent
Not tested in other applications.

Calculated MW

123 kDa kDa. ( Note )
PROPERTIES

Form

Liquid

Buffer

PBS, 5% trehalose

Antigen Species

Human

Immunogen

recombinant soluble human platelet-derived growth factor receptor α expressed in Sf 21 cells.

Purification

Purified by affinity chromatography

Conjugation

Unconjugated

Note

For In vitro laboratory use only. Not for any clinical, therapeutic, or diagnostic use in humans or animals. Not for animal or human consumption.
TARGET

Synonyms

CD140A, MGC74795, PDGFR2, RHEPDGFRA

Background

Platelet-Derived Growth Factor (PDGF) in serum is the principal mitogen present for cells of mesenchymal origin. PDGF is localized in alpha-granules of platelets and released during clot formation. PDGF from human platelets has been purified and described as a cationic glycoprotein (pI 9.5 to 10.4) having a molecular weight of approximately 30 kD and composed of two covalently linked subunits, designated as chains A (16 kD) and B (14 kD). In platelets, approximately 70% of the PDGF is present as the AB dimer, with most of the remainder as BB.Purified human PDGF shows substantial size heterogeneity, ranging from 27 to 31 kD, probably due to the presence of isoforms, glycosylation processing, aging of the platelets, and partial proteolysis during purification. The A and B chains are 40% homologous in sequence and are encoded by distinctly different genes. Each chain contains 8 cysteine residues, which are involved in intra- and inter-chain disulfide bonds. Cleavage of these bonds by reduction causes irreversible loss of biological activity. PDGF elicits multifunctional actions with a variety of cells.Two distinct human PDGF receptors have been identified, PDGF alpha and PDGF beta, which are structurally related, consist of an extracellular region, a single transmembrane region, and an intracellular region. The three different isoforms of PDGF (PDGF-AA, PDGF-AB, and PDGF-BB) bind with different affinities to two both receptors. Ligand binding induces receptor dimerization. The A-subunit of PDGF binds to alpha-receptors, whereas the B-subunit binds to both alpha- and beta- receptors. Binding of PDGF to its receptor activates the tyrosine kinase domain and leads to enhanced phosphorylation of intracellular substrates as well as autophosphorylation of the receptor itself. Autophosphorylation is induced by allowing binding and activation of the cytoplasmic SH2-domain, which contains signal transduction molecules. Thereby, a number of different signaling pathways are initiated leading to cell growth, actin reorganization, migration and differentiation.
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Database

Research Area

Reference