50 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.5, 150 mM NaCl, 0.25 mM DTT, 0.1 mM EGTA, 0.1 mM EDTA, 0.1 mM PMSF, 25% glycerol
Store at -80ºC. Product is stable for at least 6-12 months.
0.1mg/ml(Please refer to the vial label for the specific concentration.)
Baculovirus (Sf9 insect cells)
Purity was assessed by SDS-PAGE (≥95%) and by HPLC.
For laboratory use only. Not for any clinical, therapeutic, or diagnostic use in humans or animals. Not for animal or human consumption.
[Pyruvate dehydrogenase [lipoamide]] kinase isozyme 1, PDK1, PDK, [Pyruvate dehydrogenase [lipoamide]] kinase isozyme1
The initial steps in insulin signal transduction occur at the plasma membrane and lead to the activation of phosphatidylinositide (PtdIns) 3-kinase and the formation of PtdIns(3,4,5,)P3 in the inner leaflet of the plasma membrane which is then converted to PtdIns(3,4)P2 by a specific phosphatase. PDK1 or 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase (PDK1), is activated by the presence of PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 or PtdIns(3,4)P2 (1). PDK1 then activates protein kinase B (PKB) (2) which, in turn, inactivates glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK3). The phosphorylation of other proteins by PKB and GSK3 is likely to mediate many of the intracellular actions of insulin. Thus, PDK1 plays a key role in mediating many of the actions of the second messenger(s) PtdIns(3,4, 5)P3 and/or PtdIns(3,4)P2. The human PDK1 is a 556-residue monomeric enzyme comprising of a catalytic domain that is most similar to the PKA, PKB and PKC subfamily of protein kinases and a carboxy-terminal pleckstrin homology (PH) domain. The PDK1 gene is located on human chromosome 16p13.3 and is expressed ubiquitously in human tissues. Human PDK1 is homologous to the Drosophila protein kinase DSTPK61 (3), which have been implicated in the regulation of sex differentiation, oogenesis and spermatogenesis. Expressed PDK1 and DSTPK61 phosphorylated Thr308 of PKB alpha only in the presence of Ptdlns(3,4,5)P3 or Ptdlns(3,4)P2. Overexpression of PDK1 in 293 cells activated PKB alpha and potentiated the IGF1-induced phosphorylation of PKB alpha at Thr308.