PBS pH7.2 with 10 mM NaH2PO4, 10 mM Na2HPO4, 130 mM NaCl, 0.1% bovine serum albumin, and 0.02% sodium azide
0.20mg/ml(Please refer to the vial label for the specific concentration.)
For laboratory use only. Not for any clinical, therapeutic, or diagnostic use in humans or animals. Not for animal or human consumption.
CD184, D2S201E, FB22, HM89, HSY3RR, LAP3, LCR1, LESTR, NPY3R, NPYR, NPYRL, NPYY3R, WHIM
CXCR4 (fusin, LESTR or HUMSTR) is a principal coreceptor for T-cell tropic strains of HIV-1 fusion and entry of human white blood cells. CXCR4 is also required for the infection by dual-tropic strains of HIV-1 and mediates CD4 independent infection by HIV-2. The a-chemokine SDF-1 is the ligand for CXCR4 and prevents infection by T-tropic HIV-1. CXCR4 associates with the surface CD4-gp120 complex before HIV enters target cells. CXCR4 messenger RNA levels correlated with HIV-1 permissiveness in diverse human cell types. Antibodies to CXCR4 block HIV-1 and HIV-2 fusion and infection of human target cells. The amino-terminal domain and the second extracellular loop of CXCR4 serve as HIV biding sites.CXCR4 is highly expressed in brain and heart, and in white blood cells, vascular endothelial cells, and umbilical cord endothelial cells.