Purified mouse monoclonal in buffer containing 0.1M Tris-Glycine (pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl) with 0.02% sodium azide, 50%,glycerol
Store as concentrated solution. Centrifuge briefly prior to opening vial. For short-term storage (1-2 weeks), store at 4ºC. For long-term storage, aliquot and store at -20ºC or below. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.
Batch dependent (Please refer to the vial label for the specific concentration.)
Purified recombinant human HDAC4 protein fragments expressed in E.coli
For laboratory use only. Not for any clinical, therapeutic, or diagnostic use in humans or animals. Not for animal or human consumption.
Histone Deacetylase 4 , Aho3 , Bdmr , Ha6116 , Hd4 , Hdac-4 , Hdac-A , Hdaca , Hdac4
Cytoplasm Chromatin is a highly specialized structure composed of tightly compacted chromosomal DNA. Gene expression within the nucleus is controlled, in part, by a host of protein complexes which continuously pack and unpack the chromosomal DNA. One of the known mechanisms of this packing and unpacking process involves the acetylation and deacetylation of the histone proteins comprising the nucleosomal core. Acetylated histone proteins confer accessibility of the DNA template to the transcriptional machinery for expression. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are chromatin remodeling factors that deacetylate histone proteins and thus, may act as transcriptional repressors. HDACs are classified by their sequence homology to the yeast HDACs and there are currently 2 classes. Class I proteins are related to Rpd3 and members of class II resemble Hda1p.HDAC4 is a class II histone deacetylase containing 1084 amino acid residues. HDAC4 has been shown to interact with NCoR. HDAC4 is a member of the class II mammalian histone deacetylases, which consists of 1084 amino acid residues. Its C terminal sequence is highly similar to the deacetylase domain of yeast HDA1. HDAC4, unlike other deacetylases, shuttles between the nucleus and cytoplasm in a process involving active nuclear export. Association of HDAC4 with 14-3-3 results in sequestration of HDAC4 protein in the cytoplasm. In the nucleus, HDAC4 associates with the myocyte enhancer factor MEF2A. Binding of HDAC4 to MEF2A results in the repression of MEF2A transcriptional activation. HDAC4 has also been shown to interact with other deacetylases such as HDAC3 as well as the corepressors NcoR and SMART.