TNF-a (Tumor necrosis factor), is mainly secreted by macrophages and can induce cell death of certain tumor cell lines. It has been reported that TNFa can inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of A549 cells, besides, the concentration of IL-1β and IL-8 in cell supernatant will increase after stimulation. Therefore, a stimulation assay of TNFa was conducted using A549 cells. Briefly, A549 cells were incubated in DMEM with different concentrations of TNFa (1 ng/ml, 10 ng/ml, 100 ng/ml, 1000 ng/ml) for 8h, after which the concentration of IL-1β in the cell supernatant were detected by ELISA. IL-1β levels in the cell supernatant of A549 cells increased significantly after stimulation.
Lyophilized from 20 mM Tris (pH 8.0) with 150 mM NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, 1 mM DTT, 0.01% SKL, 5% Trehalose, Proclin300. Reconstitute with 20 mM Tris and 150 mM NaCl (pH 8.0) to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/mL. Do not vortex.
For short-term storage (1-2 weeks), store at 4ºC. For long-term storage, store at -20ºC or below. After reconstitution, keep as concentrated solution. Avoid freeze-thaw cycles.
N-terminal His-Tag; Val77~Leu233 (NP_000585.2)
< 1 EU/μg
For laboratory use only. Not for any clinical, therapeutic, or diagnostic use in humans or animals. Not for animal or human consumption.
tumor necrosis factor , DIF , TNF-alpha , TNFA , TNFSF2 , TNLG1F
This gene encodes a multifunctional proinflammatory cytokine that belongs to the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily. This cytokine is mainly secreted by macrophages. It can bind to, and thus functions through its receptors TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 and TNFRSF1B/TNFBR. This cytokine is involved in the regulation of a wide spectrum of biological processes including cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, lipid metabolism, and coagulation. This cytokine has been implicated in a variety of diseases, including autoimmune diseases, insulin resistance, and cancer. Knockout studies in mice also suggested the neuroprotective function of this cytokine. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]