*Optimal dilutions/concentrations should be determined by the researcher.
Not tested in other applications.
HeLa , SMAD2-transfected 293T
This antibody may recognize other Smad family members.
Mouse, Rat, Zebrafish, Bovine, Chicken, Pig, Xenopus laevis, Rhesus Monkey(>80% identity)
0.1M Tris, 0.1M Glycine, 10% Glycerol (pH7). 0.01% Thimerosal was added as a preservative.
Store as concentrated solution. Centrifuge briefly prior to opening vial. For short-term storage (1-2 weeks), store at 4ºC. For long-term storage, aliquot and store at -20ºC or below. Avoid multiple freeze-thaw cycles.
1 mg/ml (Please refer to the vial label for the specific concentration.)
Recombinant protein encompassing a sequence within the center region of human SMAD2. The exact sequence is proprietary.
Purified by antigen-affinity chromatography.
For laboratory use only. Not for any clinical, therapeutic, or diagnostic use in humans or animals. Not for animal or human consumption.
SMAD family member 2,JV18,JV18-1,MADH2,MADR2,hMAD-2,hSMAD2
Cytoplasm , Nucleus
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the SMAD, a family of proteins similar to the gene products of the Drosophila gene 'mothers against decapentaplegic' (Mad) and the C. elegans gene Sma. SMAD proteins are signal transducers and transcriptional modulators that mediate multiple signaling pathways. This protein mediates the signal of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta, and thus regulates multiple cellular processes, such as cell proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation. This protein is recruited to the TGF-beta receptors through its interaction with the SMAD anchor for receptor activation (SARA) protein. In response to TGF-beta signal, this protein is phosphorylated by the TGF-beta receptors. The phosphorylation induces the dissociation of this protein with SARA and the association with the family member SMAD4. The association with SMAD4 is important for the translocation of this protein into the nucleus, where it binds to target promoters and forms a transcription repressor complex with other cofactors. This protein can also be phosphorylated by activin type 1 receptor kinase, and mediates the signal from the activin. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been observed. [provided by RefSeq]
GTX111131 IP Image
SMAD2 antibody immunoprecipitates SMAD2 protein in IP experiments. IP Sample: 1000 µg HeLa whole cell lysate/extract A. 50 μg HeLa whole cell lysate/extract B. Control with 2 μg of preimmune rabbit IgG C. Immunoprecipitation of SMAD2protein by 2 μg of SMAD2antibody (GTX111131) 10% SDS-PAGE The immunoprecipitated SMAD2protein was detected by SMAD2antibody (GTX111131) diluted at 1:1000. EasyBlot anti-rabbit IgG (GTX221666-01) was used as a secondary reagent.
GTX111131 ChIP assay Image
SMAD2 antibody immunoprecipitates SMAD2 protein-DNA in ChIP experiments. ChIP Sample: HeLa whole cell lysate/extract A. 5 μg preimmune rabbit IgG B. 5 μg of SMAD2 antibody (GTX111131) The precipitated DNA was detected by PCR with primer set targeting to E-cadherin promoter.
GTX111131 WB Image
Non-transfected (–) and transfected (+) 293T whole cell extracts (30 µg) were separated by 10% SDS-PAGE, and the membrane was blotted with SMAD2 antibody (GTX111131) diluted at 1:1000. The HRP-conjugated anti-rabbit IgG antibody (GTX213110-01) was used to detect the primary antibody.
GTX111131 WB Image
Sample (30 µg of whole cell lysate)
10% SDS PAGE
GTX111131 diluted at 1:1000
The HRP-conjugated anti-rabbit IgG antibody (GTX213110-01) was used to detect the primary antibody.
GTX111131 ICC/IF Image
Immunofluorescence analysis of paraformaldehyde-fixed HeLa, using SMAD2(GTX111131) antibody at 1:200 dilution.