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Lung Cancer Tumor Markers

Lung Cancer Tumor Markers

Lung Cancer Tumor Markers

 

Worldwide, lung cancer is the most common cancer in men and the third most in women, with two million cases diagnosed in 2018. About 90 percent of cases are the result of smoking in men, and 80 percent in women. There are two main forms: Non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) representing almost 90% of cases, and small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC), which usually grows and spreads faster. Several factors can be found at high levels in patient serum, including CEA, NSE, CYFRA21-1, SCC, ProGRP, and CA 125 (1), but their value for monitoring clinical course remains under study.

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NSE is a 78 kDa gamma-homodimer expressed as a dominant enolase-isoenzyme in neuronal and neuroendocrine tissues. Elevated levels of serum NSE are often associated with neuronal disorders and neural crest-derived tumors. Up to 70 percent of patients with small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) have high levels of serum NSE, as SCLC cells can express neuronal gene programs (2). GeneTex’s NSE antibody (GTX101553) is a well-cited polyclonal antibody that recognizes NSE in brain tissue sections and demonstrates a typical membrane distribution in a human lung cancer cell line xenograft (Figure 1).

NSE antibody [N1C1]

Figure 1. GeneTex’s NSE antibody (GTX101553) detects NSE protein by immunohistochemistry in a rat brain tissue section (left) and in a human lung cancer cell xenograft section (right).

 
 

 

Table: Markers associated with lung cancer

Product Name Reactivity Applications Cat. No.
NSE antibody [N1C1] Hu, Ms, Rat WB, IHC-P, IHC-Fr GTX101553
PD-L1 antibody Hu WB, ICC/IF, IHC-P, IHC-Fr GTX104763
IDH1 antibody [GT1521] Hu, Ms, Rat WB, ICC/IF, IP GTX629818
EGFR antibody [GT133] Hu WB, ICC/IF, IHC-P, IP GTX628887
FAM83B antibody [N1N2], N-term Hu WB, IHC-P GTX107222

 

References:

  1. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 2001 Dec;28(13):2089-93.
  2. J Thorac Dis. 2019 Apr;11(4):1182-1189.

 

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Literature

Brochure-Tumor-markers

Download the latest version of GeneTex's Tumor markers brochure.
Literature

Brochure-Tumor-markers

Download the latest version of GeneTex's Tumor markers brochure.